These sketches are
drawn as illustrations for literature, but would be quite as useful in some other
strokes at 1, 2 and 3 are those used in the tree sketch; 1 is obtained by two
strokes of the chalk, placed vertically upon the board and accented by a
pressure upon the lower end. These strokes give the sky and the hills in the
distance. The use of the eraser and a few blended strokes like those at 2 will
help in sketching the tree trunks. See plate 2. After these are done, add
stroke 3, and with it mass the foliage. See suggestions on plate 12. The point
of land in the distance and a few of the branches are added with charcoal.
Study the lesson on
plate 23 before sketching the sparrow. Stroke 4 is made with a single broad
mark of charcoal, and the addition of tiny touches with the chalk. The branch
is drawn in a similar manner, and the background is added by a few soft and
delicate touches with the side of the chalk.