use& in the birds are exactly like those described in the previous .lesson.
.first an egg shape, No. 1, using half or two-thirds of a stick of chalk, and
pressing a bit upon the outer end, letting the stroke blend into the board.
Add to this a few
blended strokes representing the form and position of head, tail and wing. The
sketches at 2, 3 and 4 indicate upon which end of the chalk the pressure should
come. Be careful to keep the delicate gray or middle tones.
After such drawings
as those at 2, 3 and 4 are made, then add the characteristic details with the
chalk and charcoal. It will be seen by studying these finished drawings that
only a few touches are necessary to complete the sketches.
In order to obtain a contrast between the
background and the head of the bird in the lower sketch, a little chalk was
massed upon the board as a background. See plate 12.