At No. 1 is a very
simple stroke made by placing a piece of chalk in a vertical position, and
drawing it across the board in any desired direction, breaking it at regular
intervals by lifting the chalk from the board. This stroke is useful in
representing tiles, brick, stone, or any broken surface.
this particular sketch a horizontal stroke is first made for the mantel, then
the vertical strokes for the surface of the walls; then the bricks are added by
the use of the strokes given at 1. Erase the space necessary for the fireplace,
and add black chalk or charcoal, leaving the board where the fire is to be
A few gray strokes
with the side of the chalk will indicate the logs, and the use of stroke 2 Will
add the fire and smoke. Stroke 2 is made by massing a little white chalk, and
then rubbing into it with the finger, gradually blending it into the tone of
the blackboard. The details, andirons, etc., are easily added.
If this sketch is
used for Christmas, add toys, sleds, stockings, or other objects suggestive of
the day. They are all drawn with the side of the chalk, the direction of the
stroke being dictated by the object.
The sketches in
this and the following lesson may be used in work in history, or to illustrate
the type of house used by the early settlers. The sketch on plate 15 is
supposed to be Washington's home, and that on plate 16 is Lincoln's birthplace.