Lesson No. 7 gave a
few suggestions useful in geography and landscape work. This time we will try
another type which will doubtless be found equally useful.
1 is a horizontal stroke accented at the lower end of the chalk by a decided
pressure. This will readily give a tone for the sky and a definite line for the
At No. 2, the sky
is drawn in the same manner, and charcoal or black chalk is introduced for the
ocean. These touches are made with the side of the chalk in irregular, wavy
Spray may be
represented by massing a little chalk near the rocks or beach, and by rubbing
the tip of the finger or a soft bit of cloth into the body of chalk, gradually
blending it into the rocks or water. See No. 4.
To obtain a sketch
like that given in this lesson, first draw the horizon, then the wavy strokes
for the sea. The cliffs or rocks are drawn by using strokes like those at No.
3. They are irregular strokes accented with one end of the chalk. Here again
the charcoal is useful in adding crevices or shadows in the rocks. Erase spots
for the boats and add details.
The effect of a
beach may be produced by using the same broad stroke as in the sky, accenting
with the upper end of the chalk to give the margin of the beach, Add a few
ripples and pebbles, or a bit of seaweed, using the point of the chalk.
The sketch given on
this plate was used as an illustration for literature.
A heap of
bare and splintery crags
about by lightning and frost.