The lesson planned
at illustration 3 is useful in a number of school lessons in the lower grades.
I have seen it used in teaching reading in the first grade. In this case, some
word from the lesson was written upon each apple, and the children were asked
to see how many apples they could gather and put into the basket; in other
words, to see how many words they could read. When a word was recognized, it
was erased. Again, it has been successfully used in teaching number, form, etc.
See also the ladder, plate 10.
Stroke 1 is made by
placing the chalk upon the board in a vertical position and then drawing it
across the board, varying the pressure frequently so as to give the effect seen
in the basket. The strokes at 2 are produced in the same manner. Here the light
spots in the stroke are alternated, coming beneath the dark spots in the stroke
above. Try a number of these in the curving direction suggested at 2.
In making a sketch
of a basket, draw lightly the elliptical top, then add as many strokes as are
necessary to give the desired depth, and lastly add the handle. Strokes 3, and
the ellipse below them, show the manner of producing this effect. Place the
chalk horizontally at the top of the basket, decide where the handle should end
at the opposite side, then draw upward with a heavy stroke, across the top
lightly, then downward with a slight pressure. Keep the chalk in a horizontal
position throughout the stroke. Add a line of accent to the nearest edge of
The tree trunk back
of the basket is drawn with strokes 1 and 5, plate 2, the stroke being curved a
bit at the lower end. The grass is added by the use of stroke 5, which is made
by using a short piece of chalk, and by moving the hand rapidly up and down. A
little accent may be used occasionally.
In drawing the apples study stroke 4. These are
made like those on plate 2, by accenting with the end of the chalk. Use a very
short curving stroke, first toward the left, then toward the right. Add stems,
etc., with the point of the chalk.