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A BURNS PILGRIMAGE
Mess for the Pigs
ROBERT BURNS was born January 25, 1759, in a cabin on the outskirts of the city of Ayr; and for this reason Ayr draws to itself every year hosts of visitors. These visitors, it is said, number fully twice as many as go to Stratford, which seems to argue that Burns has won more hearts than Shakespeare has won intellects.
You find yourself in a Burns atmosphere the moment you reach the town; for just outside the station stands an imposing monument to the poet, and the shops are full of Burns photographs and mementos, and nearly all the inns and drinking-places, if not actually named either after him or after the most famous character he created — Tam o' Shanter, — are in some other way reminiscent of him. One dingy little inn, that has a Tam o' Shanter sign hung over its portals, claims to be the veritable place where Tam, on that fateful winter night
O'er a' the ills o' life victorious."
It even preserves the wooden mug out of which Tam drank, and the oak chair in which he was wont to sit.
Not less interesting are "The Twa Brigs o' Ayr," to which Burns gave such an entertaining individuality in the poem of that name. When he wrote of them and immortalized their spirited comments on each other's failings, the new brig was just nearing completion. Puffed up with pride it scoffingly asks its rival
"Will you, poor, narrow footpath of a street,
Where twa wheelbarrows tremble when they meet,
Your ruined, formless bulk o' stane an' lime,
Compare wi' bonnie brigs o' modern time?"
But the auld brig declares
"I'll be a brig when ye're a shapeless cairn!
As yet ye little ken about the matter,
But twa-three winters will inform you better."
Sure enough, the new bridge weakened, and has been replaced, while the old bridge stands as of yore.
The poet's father, at the time of his famous son's birth, was employed as a gardener by a gentleman of small estate in the neighborhood, and two miles out of the town is the low cottage with whitewashed walls and thatched roof, which was his home. It has a pleasant flavor of unaltered antiquity as seen from without, though this effect is somewhat counteracted by the many buses, coaches, and lesser vehicles that stand along the roadside, or that are constantly coming and going. Until within a few years the house has been an inn; but now it is public property, kept as a memorial, and the entrance is guarded by a turnstile, through which you purchase the privilege to pass by payment of twopence.
The kitchen is the only room of special interest. It was in this room that Burns first saw the light, and tradition adds that the poet was only a few days old when a violent storm "tirled" away part of the roof, and mother and babe were forced to seek shelter in the cottage of a neighbor. The apartment is still kept in some semblance of its original state, and contains the old curtained bed in a niche of the wall, a quaint, whitewashed fireplace, a dresser full of blue crockery, a tall clock, and two ancient tables notched all over with knife-cut initials. Yet, after all, the kitchen lacks the touch of life; it is not used, and it has the stiffness inseparable from a show room.
A short walk beyond the Burns cottage stands the renowned Alloway Kirk, in which Tam o' Shanter saw the witches. It has long been a ruin, and the last of the roof fell in three-quarters of a century ago. Even in Burns's time it had been abandoned, and was going to decay. But the walls continue intact, and are braced by numerous iron rods that will keep what is left of the structure erect for many years to come. A little bell still hangs in the stone arch of the belfry, and a bit of chain attached to it dangles down the front wall. Wandering among the churchyard graves at the time I visited the ancient kirk was a gray, bent old man. He was very thin, and his faded coat hung loosely on his sloping shoulders. Astride his beaked nose he wore a large pair of antiquated spectacles that gave him a look of owlish wisdom. He seemed to make it his business to hobble about and act as a guide to all visitors. Some paid no attention to him, while others found him very entertaining and instructive. He never varied his tones, and he used the same showman's words and manner with every party. At frequent intervals, in the midst of his information, he would break forth into poetry. He pointed out the stone that marked the graves of Burns's father, and
Agnes Brown, his spouse," and led his auditors to the resting-place of "Souter Johnny." He showed in which direction lay the old road by which Tam came from Ayr, indicated the window of the church whose midnight glow arrested Tam's attention, and through which Tam watched the scene within; and he told which the other window was where the de'il sat fiddling for the witches' dancing. At this point the old man would drop his prose and recite the final verses of the poem with great energy, emphasized by many gestures of hand and cane. His singsong and his Scotch tang gave the poem new flavor and attraction, and I loitered until I had heard the recital several times repeated.
Birthplace of Robert Burns
Alloway Kirk is only a short distance from the "banks and braes o' bonnie Doon." The Doon is an unusually pretty little river that flows swift and clear between steep, wooded banks. The auld brig across which Tam o' Shanter made his wild flight is the centre of interest. It has a high, handsome arch, and over this the road climbs as if it had encountered a little hill. The highway of the present time preserves a commonplace level across a new bridge a few rods below, and the auld brig is not much used, save by lovers of Burns and by an elderly man who stations himself at the top of the arch, and, like his fellow laborer in the kirkyard, spouts "Tam o' Shanter" to all comers.
Burns was still a child when his residence in this immediate vicinity terminated; for he was only seven when his father took a small farm on his employer's estate. The change proved to be an unfortunate one, his savings melted away, and presently the family moved ten miles farther into the country and settled on a second farm at Tarbolton. Here the father died, and as Burns was the eldest of the seven children, the responsibility of managing the farm fell on his shoulders. He did not make it pay, and his troubles multiplied.
Meanwhile he had produced a considerable amount of verse, and at length he tried the experiment of putting it into book form. The edition was printed at his own expense, and consisted of only six hundred copies. Yet these were quickly sold, and left him twenty pounds profit. What was of more importance, it won him friends in the literary world, who encouraged him to seek a publisher in Edinburgh. This he did successfully, and the demand for his poems in the following year made him master of about five hundred pounds. Now he felt himself to be independent, and he loaned a part of his wealth to his brother Gilbert, and with the rest took a farm near Dumfries, resolved to settle himself permanently in the occupation of agriculture. On this farm, with his wife and children, he spent what were perhaps the happiest and most tranquil days of his life. Unfortunately these were not destined to last. In the course of a few years he had exhausted his resources. The soil yielded poetry, but not, in his case, a living, and thenceforth he made his home in Dumfries. There he found employment in the service of the government as an exciseman at a salary of seventy pounds a year, and this meagre income necessitated the utmost economy.
The Brig o' Doon
As compared with Ayr, which is unusually clean and tidy for a Scotch town, Dumfries is dirty and crowded. One feels that it is not nearly so much in harmony with the poet as the quiet pastoral region about his birthplace, with its fine trees and level fields. The house in which Burns lived when he moved from the farm is a plain three-story tenement near the river, with other houses elbowing it on either side. A single upper floor, consisting of a little kitchen and two other rooms, was all he occupied. At the end of eighteen months he took another house, and as he had the whole of it, was perhaps more comfortable than in the tenement by the river. Yet it was very small, and whoever seeks it now finds it in a shabby neighborhood, overlooked by big, odorous tanneries. In this house Burns dwelt his last three years, and it was here he died. His poverty at the time was extreme, but he was not in debt.
Just around the corner, only a few steps from the little white cottage among the tanneries, is a great brown church. It is very ancient, and the churchyard is crowded full of heavy gravestones, monuments, and tombs — twenty-six thousand of them — and they stand thicker than they would in a marble yard. There was a grim suggestion, in their close-set rows and regular placing, of a veritable city of the dead from whose treeless barren — sunburned, storm-swept, and blasted — all cheer had flown away. At the far end of this forlorn and stony enclosure the poet lies buried, and over his remains has been erected an ugly mausoleum that is quite in keeping with the surroundings, but wholly foreign to the individuality of Burns himself.
The poet's celebrity during his later years made him an object of interest and curiosity to strangers, and many persons passing through Dumfries would call on him. He could not conveniently receive them at his home, and was accustomed instead to go to the town inns, where the interviews often terminated in convivial excesses. To the taverns he also was in the habit of going with companions who lived in the town itself; and wherever he was, the evening was sure to be a merry one, for his good humor and ready wit were unfailing.
A favorite resort was the Globe Hotel, on a tiny lane just off the square. Here you can see the dark wainscotted taproom where Burns used to sing, tell stories, and drink. His table is still there, and in a corner is the chair to which he was partial, while, if you will step upstairs, you can see his punch bowl, Jean's workbox, and a verse of "Comin' through the Rye," just as it was scratched by the poet himself on a window-pane. It is a privilege to look on these things, for every relic of Burns and every spot associated with him has something of sacredness; and to Ayr and Dumfries come pilgrims from the world over to observe for themselves the scenes familiar to his eyes and celebrated in his verse.
"The Twa Brigs o' Ayr"