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CONTAINING THE HISTORY, SEXUALITY, FIELD AND GARDEN CULTURE OF STRAWBERRIES, FORCING OR POT CULTURE, HOW TO GROW FROM SEED, HYBRIDIZING, AND ALL OTHER INFORMATION NECESSARY TO ENABLE EVERYBODY TO RAISE THEIR OWN STRAWBERRIES; TOGETHER WITH A DESCRIPTION OF NEW VARIETIES AND A LIST OF THE BEST OF THE OLD SORTS.
BY ANDREW S. FULLER.
Author of the "Grape Culturist," "Small Fruit Culturist," "Practical Forestry," Etc., Etc.
O. JUDD CO., DAVID W. JUDD, PRES'T.
Entered, according to Act of Congress,
in the year 1887,
by the O. JUDD CO.,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.
THE HISTORY OF THE STRAWBERRY
SEXUALITY OF THE STRAWBERRY
INFLUENCE OF POLLEN
STRUCTURE OF THE PLANTS
PROPAGATION BY DIVISION
SOIL AND ITS PREPARATION
HOW AND WHEN TO PLANT
DIFFERENT MODES OF CULTIVATION
POT CULTURE AND FORCING
VARIETIES FOR FORCING
NEWER AND LESS KNOWN VARIETIES
THE HAUTBOIS AND ALPINE STRAWBERRIES
PROFITS OF STRAWBERRY CULTURE
It is now twenty-five years since I wrote the first edition of the STRAWBERRY CULTURIST. At that time but little attention had been paid to the cultivation of this best of all berries, and, with the exception of an occasional basket or crate of the Hovey and Wilson, New York markets were mostly supplied with the little Crimson Cone and Scotch Runner raised in New Jersey.
From time to time new varieties had been introduced at home and from abroad, and by copying all the names found in both European and American nurserymen's catalogues, I was enabled to make a list of nearly five hundred varieties, of which only a few survive. Among these may be named the Hovey, Wilson, Triomphe de Gand, Lennig's White, Downer's Prolific and the Monthly Alpines, but, with one or two exceptions, these are very sparingly cultivated. The others have been discarded for inferiority of size or flavor, lack of productiveness, want of adaptability to a wide range of climate and soils, or for other good and sufficient reasons, and their places have been filled by varieties supposed to be better, and in such numbers as to confuse seekers after the best. But which is or are the best of all the varieties known would be a difficult question to answer; for the one that gives entire satisfaction in one section often proves a failure in another, and only experiments or close observation will teach one how to choose. Much credit is certainly due to those who have aided in producing new varieties, but the perfect Strawberry, equally well adapted to all kinds of soils and climates bas not as yet appeared in cultivation.
During the last quarter of a century botanists have somewhat changed their ideas in regard to the number and distribution of the species of the Strawberry, and while this may be of no especial importance to the practical cultivator of this fruit, still I have arranged the species to conform to the more recent discoveries of our botanists.
As regards the culture of the Strawberry I find little to change and less to add. In writing the STRAWBERRY CULTURIST (my first attempt at book making) I aimed to give the public the result of my practical experience in plain words. I have since that time experimented largely, but have learned nothing that induces me to change materially the directions therein given.
This little treatise has been re-written to supply a want of the present generation, and, with the hope that it will serve as did its predecessor to stimulate its readers in renewed efforts to produce the best of Berries and in the greatest abundance, I send it forth on its humble mission.
ANDREW S. FULLER.
RIDGEWOOD, N. J., Jan., 1887.